Engineered Resilient Systems (ERS) Focus Areas
Techniques, components, software, hardware, systems, and enhanced tools that provide the ability to protect critical advanced manufacturing and infrastructure networks against adversaries that continually develop, modify, and adapt threats to constrain the ability to effectively and securely operate in cyberspace. New and innovative capabilities are needed that leverage networked-, host-, and behavior-based concepts to provide a holistic cybersecurity defense approach and provide cyber situational awareness. Industrial control systems (ICS) or supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, manage complex processes by collecting data from sensors connected to a physical process and remotely controlling the process via electronic control of actuators, switches, and valves. Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) reside at the heart of industrial control systems. The ICS operational networks are often isolated by firewalls, demilitarized zones, and data diodes or air gapping. Such defenses limit malicious penetrations but cannot be assumed to stop all penetrations.